- Leukemias: Incidence rate: 3,000 per year
- ALL Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Incidence Rate: 2,500 Accounts for approximately 80% of Leukemias. 5 year Survival Rates: infants- 62%, under 15 years at diagnosis- 88%, over 15 years at diagnosis- 50% Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia, or ALL, is a fast growing cancer of the white blood cells. Lymphocytes are a type of white blood cell that the body uses to fight infections. The cancerous lymophocytic cells are abnormal, and cannot fight infections and crowd out the production of healthy white blood cells.
- Hypodiploid ALL survival rate: 15-20%
- AML Acute Myeloid Leukemia: Incidence Rate: 450-600 per year. 5 year survival 40-58% ; 10 year survival 37-41% AML affects white blood cells. The leukemic cells over populate the bone marrow and can spread to the liver, spleen, skin and central nervous system.
- Acute undifferentiated leukemia (AML, M0)
- Acute granulocytic leukemia (AML, M1 or M2)
- Acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL, M3) Incidence: 50 per year, Survival Rate: 75%
- Acute myelomonocytic leukemia (AMML, M4)
- Acute monoblastic leukemia (AMOL, M5
- Acute erythroleukemia (AEL, M6)
- Acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (AMKL, M7)
- CML Cronic Myeloid Leukemia
- JMML Juvenile Myelomonocrytic Leukemia
- ABL Acute Bilineal Leukemia- a rare Leukemia expressing both lines of leukemia,(myeloid and lymphobalstic) Incidence Rate: 90 per year. Cure rate 12%
- Lymphomas: (Cancers of the Lymph System) Incidence: 1,700 per year. The lymphatic system is the system of glands and vessels that transport the infection fighting white blood cells called lymphocytes.
- Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: Incidence Rate: 750-800 per year, Cure Rate 87% for children under 15 years, 76% for those 15 and older.
- High Grade:
- Lymphoblastic Lymphoma: 30% of childhood NHLs.
- Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma 40-50% of all childhood NHLs
- Burkitt's Lymphoma
- Burkitt's-Like Lymphoma
- Intermediate Grade:
- FLCL Follicular Large-Cell Lymphoma
- ALCL Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoblastic Lymphoma 20-25% of childhood NHLs
- Diffused Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma
- Mantle cell Lymphoma
- Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma
- Immunoblastic diffuse large cell lymphoma
- Low Grade:
- Small Lymphohocytic Lymphoma
- Follicular lymphoma
- Mucosal-Associated Lymphoma Tissue
- Marginal Zone Lymphoma
- Cutaneous T-Cell Lymhpoma
- Hodgkin's Lymphoma Incidence Rate: 850-900 per year; Cure Rate: 90%
- Nodular Lymphocyte Predominance (LP)
- Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma
- Lymphocytic Rich
- Nodular Sclerosis (NP) Lymph nodes contain scar tissue in addition to reactive Lymphocytes and Reed-Sternberg cells
- Mixed Cellularity (MC) Lymph nodes also contain inflammatory cells.